Probation in Europe develops very fast. On this page, you can find the updated chapters of  the book ‘Probation in Europe’ (2008) that was edited by Anton van Kalmthout and Ioan Durnescu.

Radical changes are being made in some jurisdictions and it is not yet clear how these transformations will shape the form and the practice of probation in these countries. Therefore chapters about these countries will be written later on. Once they are ready, they are uploaded here.


Chapters

Introduction Probation in Europe 2013 - 2014

Written by Anton van Kalmthout and Ioan Durnescu.

Austria

Written by Christoph Koss and Christian Grafl, published in 2013.

Belgium

Written by Aline Bauwens and Annie Devos, published in 2015.

Catalonia

Written by Jaume Martin Barberan and Elena Larrauri Pijoan, published in 2013.

Croatia

Written by Dijana Šimpraga, Snježana Maloić and Neven Ricijaš, published by 2014.

Czech Republic

Written by Andrea Matousková and Marcela Demková, published in 2018.

Denmark

Written by Anette Storgaard and Lene Skov, published in 2017.

England and Wales

Written by Sue Hall and Rob Canton, published in 2013.

Estonia

Written by Jaan Ginter and Rait Kuuse, published in 2013.

Finland

Written by Henrik Linderborg, Matti Tolvanen and Pia Andersson, published in 2020.

Georgia

Written by Teimuraz Magradze and Nino Gozalishvili, published in 2017.

Greece

Written by Michael Mavris, Nicolaos Koulouris and Maria Anagnostaki, published in 2015.

Italy

Written by Roberta Palmisano Michele Ciarpi, published in 2016.

Jersey Channel Islands

Written by Brian Heath Peter Raynor, published in 2014.

Kosovo

Written by Rexhep Gashi and Metije Ademi, published in 2014.

Latvia

Written by Liene Klišāne, Imants Jurevičius and Andrejs Judins, published in 2013.

Luxembourg

Written by Daniel Biancalana and Guy Schmit, published by 2013.

Malta

Written by Miriam Sevasta and Sandra Scicluna, published in 2016.

Netherlands

Written by Marco de Kok, Leo Tigges and Anton van Kalmthout

Northern Ireland

Written by Brendan Fulton and Nicola Carr, published in 2013.

Romania

Written by Ioan Durnescu and Valentin Schiaucu, published in 2013.

Serbia

Written by Jelena Zeleskov Djoric, Ana Batricevic and Marija Kuzmanovic, published in 2014.

Slovak Republic

Written by Martin Lulei and Vladimír Cehlár, published in 2017.

Spain

Written by Esther Montero Pérez de Tudela and Carmen Rocío Garcia Ruiz, published in 2016.

Sweden

Written by Gabriella Boijsen and Gustav Tallving, published 2018.

Switzerland

Written by Daniel Fink and Hans-Ulrich Bruni, published in 2013.