Electronic monitoring (EM) has matured into a commonplace penal tool used widely across Europe and beyond. Its applications appear to be limitless and its purposes diverse.

It is used in the areas of mental health, domestic violence, terrorism and immigration and diverse target groups including mental health patients, children and young people, victims of domestic violence as well as offenders.

EM also creates new challenges. For example, it leads to questions about whether, and in what ways, EM replaces, develops and/or improves the traditional roles of probation services; the extent to which the police and families are and/or should be involved in ‘supervising’ offenders; and the most effective and efficient ways of providing supervision and support for monitored individuals.

At the same time it creates opportunities to join up different areas of public and social policy and to act as a catalyst for meaningful multi-agency and multi-sector working thereby enabling a more holistic view of monitored individuals to be taken.


Electronic Monitoring Helsinki, Finland 2022

Webinar on Electronic Monitoring 2021

Electronic Monitoring Zagreb, Croatia 2018

Electronic Monitoring Riga, Latvia, 2016

Electronic Monitoring Offenbach, Germany 2014

Electronic Monitoring Balsta, Sweden 2012

Electronic Monitoring Évora, Portugal 2011

Electronic Monitoring Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands, 2009

Electronic Monitoring, Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands, 2007

Electronic Monitoring, Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands, 2005


Best Practice

Electronic monitoring implemented in Latvia