Here you can find best practices, research and information on community sanctions and measures.
Council of Europe Conventions and Recommendations
Community sanctions and measures Research
The role of language in probation: A creative conversation. Probation Journal. (2023)
Phillips, J., & Bower, R.
The case of the Wrocław model of community service.
Anna Matczak, The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Carr, N. (2015). Community Sanctions and Measures. In D. Healy, C. Hamilton, Y. Daly, & M. Butler (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology Routledge.
Queen’s University Belfast
Marcelo F Aebi, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Natalia Delgrande, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Yann Marguet, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Gill McIvor, Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research University of Stirling
Simon Anderson, Stephen Hinchliffe, Amy Homes, Susan
McConville and Annie Wild (ScotCen Social Research), Neil Hutton
(Strathclyde University), Simon Noble (Noble Openshaw Ltd)
A Methodological Study on Comparative Data in Europe
Markku Heiskanen, Marcelo F. Aebi, Willem van der Brugge and
Jörg-Martin Jehle (eds.) Helsinki
Gwen Robinson, University of Sheffield
Fergus McNeill, University of Glasgow
Shadd Maruna, Queen’s University Belfast
Dr. Eoin Guilfoyle and Dr. Louise Kennefick HM Inspectorate of Probation Academic Insights 2023/07