The Nelson Mandela Rules
The UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners i.e. the Nelson Mandela Rules are 122 rules cover all aspects of prison management and define the agreed minimum standards for the treatment of prisoners both pre-trial and convicted. They give recommendations on all aspects of prison management such as admission and classification to the prohibition of torture and limits on solitary confinement.
The Bangkok Rules
The UN Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders i.e. the Bangkok Rules. These 70 Rules give guidance to authorities like policymakers, legislators, and prison staff to reduce the imprisonment of women, and to meet the specific needs of women in case of imprisonment.
The Tokyo Rules
The UN Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures i.e the Tokyo Rules outline a set of key principles to advocate the use of non-custodial measures and sanctions, as well as minimal safeguards for persons subjected to alternatives to imprisonment. The Tokyo Rules are based on the premise that alternatives to imprisonment can be effective and ‘to the best advantage of both the offenders and society.’