In 2008 an updated version of the book ‘Probation in Europe’ was published, written by Anton van Kalmthout and Ioan Durnescu. Click on a chapter to download it.


Chapters

Austria

Written by Christoph Koss.

Belgium

Written by Colette Lauwers.

Bulgaria

Written by Dimitar Rusinov, Valentina Karaganova and Marina Manolcheva.

Catalonia

Written by Jaume Martín Barberan.

Croatia

Written by Sasa Rajic and Vesna Babic.

Czech Republic

Written by Lenka Ourednickova, Pavel Stern and Dagmar Doubravova.

Denmark

Written by Lisbet Heine.

England and Wales

Written by Roger McCarva.

Estonia

Written by Rait Kuuse.

Finland

Written by Henrik Linderborg.

France

Written by Bruno Pelissier and Yves Perrier.

France

En français.

France

Table 1, en français.

Germany

Written by Jürgen Mutz.

Hungary

Written by Klára Kerezsi, Erzsébet Hatvani, Tünde Kóta and Zoltán Bogschütz.

Ireland

Written by David O’Donovan.

Italy

Written by Luisa Gandini and Sebastiano Zinna.

Latvia

Written by Liene Zeibote.

Lithuania

Written by Eva Deveikyte.

Luxembourg

Written by Daniel Biancalana.

Malta

Written by Sandra Scicluna.

Moldova

Written by Vladimir Popa and Victor Zaharia.

The Netherlands

Written by Anton van Kalmthout and Leo Tigges.

Northern Ireland

Written by Brendan Fulton.

Norway

Written by Gerhard Ploeg.

Poland

Written by Barbara Wilamowska.

Portugal

Written by Isabel Antunes.

Romania

Written by Ioan Durnescu.

Scotland

Written by Bill Whyte.

Slovakia

Written by Martin Lulei and Ludovit Galbavy.

Slovenia

Written by Slava Novak.

Spain

Written by Paloma Espartero.

Sweden

Written by Margareta Lindholm and Norman Bishop.

Switzerland

Written by Hans-Ulrich Bruni.