Probation in Europe 1927

In 1927 the book ‘Probation in Europe’ written by T.W. Trought was published. After the United States had adopted the American Federal Probation law in 1925 and England signed the English Statute Book of the Criminal Justice Act in 1925, the author decided that it was a good time to see if  other countries went through the same kind of developments.

Trought collected information about 29 jurisdictions in Europe, based on a rather simple questionnaire. According to him one of the most fundamental difficulties was deciding the definition of probation. How can you say if a country has a probation system or not? Trought stated that the following elements are essential for a probation system: prevention of crime, reformation/re-education of offenders, the existence of a probationary period, the existence of diagnosis and treatment and also the involvement of the community. Based on these criteria, nineteen countries had a probation system in Europe at that time.

Preface and conclusions

Preface

Conclusions

The countries

Probation in Europe 1927 Albania

Probation in Europe 1927 Austria

Probation in Europe 1927 Belgium

Probation in Europe 1927 Bulgaria

Probation in Europe 1927 Czechoslovakia

Probation in Europe 1927 Denmark

Probation in Europe 1927 England & Wales

Probation in Europe 1927 Estonia

Probation in Europe 1927 Finland

Probation in Europe 1927 France

Probation in Europe 1927 Germany

Probation in Europe 1927 Greece

Probation in Europe 1927 Hungary

Probation in Europe 1927 Ireland

Probation in Europe 1927 Italy

Probation in Europe 1927 Latvia

Probation in Europe 1927 Luxemburg

Probation in Europe 1927 Northern Ireland

Probation in Europe 1927 Norway

Probation in Europe 1927 Poland

Probation in Europe 1927 Portugal

Probation in Europe 1927 Romania

Probation in Europe 1927 Russia

Probation in Europe 1927 Scotland

Probation in Europe 1927 Spain

Probation in Europe 1927 Sweden

Probation in Europe 1927 Switzerland

Probation in Europe 1927 The Netherlands

Probation in Europe 1927 Turkey

Probation in Europe 1927 Yugo-Slavia

Selected Title

Evénements

Actualités

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