Probation in Europe develops very fast. On this page, you can find the updated chapters of the book ‘Probation in Europe’ (2008) that was written by Anton van Kalmthout and Ioan Durnescu.
Radical changes are being made in some jurisdictions and it is not yet clear how these transformations will shape the form and the practice of probation in these countries. Therefore chapters about these countries will be written later on. Once they are ready, they are uploaded here.
Here you can find the 2008 edition of Probation in Europe.